Both a concept and a practice, biodynamics « owes its origin to the spiritual insights and perceptions of Dr. Rudolf Steiner, an Austrian philosopher and scientist who lived at the turn of the century. » Dr. Steiner emphasized many of the forces within living nature, identifying many of these factors and describing specific practices and preparations that enable the farmer or gardener to work in concert with these parameters. « Central to the biodynamic method… are certain herbal preparations that guide the decomposition processes in manures and compost. » [1985-1986 Year End Report (Kimberton PA: Bio-Dynamic Farming and Gardening Association, Inc., 1986), p. 3. AFSIC collection] See also: « What is Biodynamics? » Available at Biodynamic Farming and Gardening Association On-line Website:http://www.biodynamics.com/biodynamics.html (8/23/07).

Foods produced through biodynamic methods are certified for consumer markets by the Demeter Association. [For information: Demeter Association,