Farm Fresh Planting Guide

Published on : 24 January 20184 min reading time

Vegetable

Planting Dates in Florida (outdoors)1

Days to

Harvest4

Seeds/plants

Per 100′

Spacing (inches)

Seed

depth

(inches)

North

Central

South

Rows

Plants

Bush Beans, Snap

Mar-Apr Aug-Sep

Feb-Apr Sep

Sep-Apr

50-60

1 lb.

18-30

2-3

1-2

Beans, pole

Mar-Apr Aug-Sep

Feb-Apr Aug-Sep

Aug-Apr

55-70

½ lb.

40-48

3-6

1-2

Beans, lima

Mar-Aug

Feb-Apr Sept.

Aug-Apr

65-75

2 lb.

24-36

3-4

1-2

Beets

Sep-Mar

Oct-Mar

Oct-Feb

50-65

1 oz.

14-24

3-5

½ -1

Broccoli

Aug-Feb

Aug-Jan

Sept-Jan

75-90

100 plts (1/8 oz.)

30-36

12-18

½ -1

Cabbage

Sep-Feb

Sep-Jan

Sep-Jan

90-110 (70-90)

100 plts

(1/8 oz)

24-36

12-24

½ -1

Cantaloupes

Mar-Apr

Feb-Apr

Aug-Sep Feb-Mar

75-90 (65-75)

½ oz.

60-72

24-36

1-2

Carrots

Sep-Mar

Oct-Mar

Oct-Feb

65-80

1/8 oz.

16-24

1-3

½

Cauliflower

Jan-Feb Aug-Oct

Oct-Jan

Oct-Jan

75-90 (55-70)

55 plts (1/8 oz)

24-30

18-24

½ -1

Celery

Jan-Mar

Aug-Feb

Oct-Jan

115-125 (80-105)

150 plts (1/8 oz)

24-36

6-10

¼ – ½

Chinese cabbage

Oct-Feb

Oct-Jan

Nov-Jan

70-90 (60-70)

125 plts (1/8 oz)

24-36

12-24

¼ – ¾

Collards

Feb-Apr Aug-Nov

Aug-Mar

Aug-Feb

70-80

100 plts (1/8 oz)

24-30

10-18

½ -1

Corn, sweet

Mar-Apr Aug

Feb-Mar Aug-Sep

Aug-Mar

60-95

2 oz.

24-36

12-18

1-2

Cucumbers

Feb-Apr Aug-Sep

Feb-Mar Sep

Sep-Mar

50-65 (40-50)

½ oz.

36-60

12-24

1-2

Eggplant

Feb-July

Jan-Mar Aug-Sep

Dec-Feb Aug-Oct

90-110 (75-90)

50 plts

1 pkt

36-42

24-36

½

Endive/Escarole

Feb-Mar Sep

Jan-Feb Sep

Sep-Jan

80-95

100 plts

18-24

8-12

½

Kale

Sep-Feb

Sep-Jan

Sep-Jan

75

70-80 (55)

100 plts (1/8 oz)

24-30

12-18

Kohlrabi

Sep-Mar

Oct-Mar

Oct-Feb

70-80 (50-55)

1/8 oz.

24-30

3-5

½ -1

Lettuce: Crisp, Butter-head, Leaf & Romaine

Feb-Mar Sep-Oct

Sep-Mar

Sep-Jan

50-90

100 plts

(1/4 oz.)

12-24

8-12

½

Mustard

Sep-May

Sep-Mar

Sep-Mar

40-60

¼ oz.

14-24

1-6

½ -1

Okra

Mar-July

Mar-Aug

Aug-Sep

50-75

1 oz.

24-40

6-12

1-2

Onions, Bulbing

Sep-Dec

Sep-Dec

Sep-Nov

120-160 (110-120)

300 plts/ sets, 1 oz seed

12-24

4-6

½ -1

Onions, Bunching (Green onions)

Aug-Mar

Aug-Mar

Sep-Mar

50-75 (30-40)

800 plts/sets, 1 – 1½ oz seed

12-24

1-2

2-3

Onions (Shallots)

100

(30-40)

18-24

6-8

½ – ¾

Peas, English

Jan-Mar

Sep-Mar

Sep-Feb

50-70

1 lb.

24-36

2-3

1-2

Peas, southern

Mar-Aug

Mar-Sep

Aug-Apr

60-90

½ oz.

30-36

2-3

1-2

Peppers

Feb-Apr July-Aug

Jan-Mar Aug-Sep

Aug-Mar

80-100 (60-80)

100 plts 1 pkt

20-36

12-24

½

Potatoes

Jan-Mar

Jan-Feb

Sep-Jan

85-110

15 lbs.

36-42

8-12

3-4

Potatoes, sweet

Mar-Jun

Feb-Jun

Feb-Jun

(120-140)

100 plts

48-54

12-14

Pumpkin

Mar-Apr Aug

Feb-Mar Aug

Jan-Feb Aug-Sep

90-120 (80-110)

1 oz.

60-84

36-60

1-2

Radish

Sep-Mar

Sep-Mar

Oct-Mar

20-30

1 oz.

12-18

1-2

¾

Spinach

Oct-Nov

Oct-Nov

Oct-Jan

45-60

1 oz.

14-18

3-5

¾

Squash, Summer

Mar-Apr Aug-Sep

Feb-Mar Aug-Sep

Jan-Mar Sep-Oct

40-55 (35-40)

1½ oz.

36-48

24-36

1-2

Squash, Winter

Mar Aug

Feb-Mar Aug

Jan-Feb Sep

80-110 (70-90)

1 oz.

60-90

36-48

1-2

Strawberry

Oct-Nov

Oct-Nov

Oct-Nov

(90-110)

100 plts

36-40

10-14

Tomatoes, Stake

Feb-Apr Aug

Jan-Mar Sep

Aug-Mar

90-110 (75-90)

70 plts

1 pkt

36-48

18-24

½

Tomatoes, Ground

200

90-110 (75-90)

35 plts

1 pkt

40-60

36-40

Tomatoes, Container

200

90-110 (75-90)

Turnips

Jan-Apr Aug-Oct

Jan-Mar Sep-Nov

Oct-Feb

40-60

¼ oz.

12-20

4-6

½ -1

Watermelon, Large

Mar-Apr July-Aug

Jan-Mar Aug

Jan-Mar Aug-Sep

85-95 (80-90)

1/8 oz.

84-108

48-60

1-2

Watermelon, Small

85-95 (80-90)

1/8 oz.

48-60

15-30

Watermelon, Seedless

85-95 (80-90)

70 plts

48-60

15-30

North: north of State Rd 40; Central: between State Rds 40 and 70; South: south of State Rd 70.

2 Rotate crops to avoid soil pest problems; avoid planting vegetables belonging to the same family in successive seasons.

3 Transplantability categories: I, easily survives transplanting; II, survives with care; III, use seeds or containerized transplants only.

4 Days from seeding to harvest: Values in parentheses are days from transplanting to first harvest.

This document is SP 103, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Original publication date December 1999. Revised December 2010. Reviewed February 2012.

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